Although not immediately, conservation was successful in solving both economical, political, and social problems in American by establishing national parks, setting precedents for future presidents and citizens, and recruiting others to care about preserving the environment. external image TeddyRoosevelt.jpg

Before Theodore Roosevelt's presidency, people in big companies were overusing natural resources like lumber and land.
Many others believed this was wrong.

Economic
  • Roosevelt and close ally Gifford Pinchot argued: Big companies using lots of natural resources was inefficient and wasteful
  • Wanted government to gain long term economic benefits from this land

Political
  • Roosevelt's first term - convinced Americans to conserve forests, lakes, rivers and coal reserves
  • Congress passed the Forest Reserve Act in 1891
  • Roosevelt established National Parks such as:
    • Crater Lake National Park (1902)
    • Wind Cave National Park (1903)
    • Sullys Hill National Park (1904)
    • Platt National Park (1906)
    • Mesa Verde National Park (1906)
  • Created 50 additional refuges during his tenure
  • Roosevelt signed the Antiquities Act in 1906
  • Used his positions and political strategies to make others want to preserve meaningful landmarks
    • He and Gifford Pinchot created 16 million acres into reserves before the day before the President had to sign a congressional act that limited his powers to do so
    • During his Presidency, he used bully pulpit to arouse public into conservation

Social
  • Morally believed that environmental landmarks should be conserved
  • Grew up caring about conservation
  • Wrote book about conservation issues
  • Governor's Conference of 1907-gathered all of nation's governors and other leaders and started discussions, policies and actions of conservation

"For the people...must always include the people unborn as well as the people now alive, or the democratic ideal is not realized." - Theodore Roosevelt

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Unless we practice conservation, those who come after us will have to pay the price of misery, degradation, and failure for the progress and prosperity of our day. - Gifford Pinchot

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Roosevelt established 230 million acres National Parks; he made more conservation land and national parks than all other previous presidents combined.

"There can be nothing in the world more beautiful than the Yosemite, the groves of the giant sequoias and redwoods, the Canyon of Colorado, the Canyon of the Yellowstone, the Three Tetons; and our people should see to it that they are preserved for their children and their children's children forever, with their majestic beauty all unmarred." - Theodore Roosevelt

Today, National Parks Conservation Association (NPCA) is an independent organization used to protect National Parks today and for future generations. The NPCA publish their own magazine and have grown to over 20 regional and field offices around the country.

National Parks Service (NPS)is responsible for:
  • advising Congress about new potential parks and other land units of the NPS
  • research prospective sites ordered by Congress that could be made into National Parks

The qualifications for becoming a National Park are that it:
  • Is an outstanding example of a particular type of resource
  • Posses exceptional value of quality illustrating or interpreting the natural or cultural themes of our Nation's heritage
  • Offers superlative opportunities for recreation for public use and enjoyment, or for scientific study
  • Retains a high degree of integrity as a true, accurate, and relatively unspoiled example of a resource

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